Family - Howard Connection

The Howard Connection

I'm very grateful to my wife Sonia for supplying a galley proof (please click here to see a copy) for p 941 of the 1995 edition of Debrett's Peerage & Baronetage which has helped to fill-in many of the details in this table. New arrivals since that time would be difficult to establish comprehensively and so for the time being I've terminated the table below Generation 0. And perhaps the kinship is becoming a little bit tenuous at this stage anyway.

Also, when Googling for additional details, I've noticed that www.thepeerage.com keeps popping up, and it has provided a bonanza of useful information, though in an almost totally unpredictable sort of way.

Please note in this table that familiar names are used rather than given forenames, where appropriate. These may be diminutives, alternative names (ekenames or nicknames) or simply subsidiary forenames, and I've tried to indicate these various possibilities in italicised parentheses. In every case only the first distinguishing name is given.

For example

  • Henry Ralph Mowbray Howard is listed as Henry Howard.

  • Henry Howard's first wife Helen Millicent James is listed as Millicent(2) James and their fourth daughter Rosemary (who died prior to 1995 and therefore doesn't appear in the Debrett listing) is identified as Tom.

  • Henry Howard-Sneyd's second wife Janet Duthie is listed as Jan, and their son Thomas is likewise listed as Tom.

Offspring are listed in chronological order of birth irrespective of gender (Debrett's list boys first, but we're in the 21st century now).

#IndividualSpouse / PartnerFamily
‑2Henry Howard§

Portrait
Millicent(2) James

Portraits
Diana

Pamela

Audrey

Rosemary (Tom)

Joan
‑2Henry Howard-SneydJanet (Jan) DuthieThomas (Tom)
‑1Diana HowardMarcus BeresfordPatricia (Tricia)

Katherine (Kabby)

Christopher
‑1Pamela HowardIan KarslakeSarah

David

Elizabeth
‑1Audrey Howard

Portraits
Ronald KaulbackSonia

Susan

Bryan

Peter
‑1Tom HowardGuy Anderson (KIA) 
Michael LillyNigel
‑1Joan HowardHubert SturgesJane(2)

William
0Tricia BeresfordChristopher (Budge) WellsGavin

Amanda
Cyril Lea 
0Kabby BeresfordRobert Hutchings 
Osman(2) StreaterOlivia
0Christopher BeresfordPhilippa YatesAntonia

Fiona

Nicholas
0Sarah KarslakePeter MatthewsAlexandra

Rupert

Guy
0David KarslakeClaire BonhommeCharlotte

Emma
0Elizabeth KarslakeJeremy HoskingThomas
0Sonia KaulbackRobert (Robin) WaddellNicholas (Nick)

Andrea
0Susan KaulbackMark Hatt-CookCatherine

Georgina
0Bryan KaulbackMaruxa (Maria) Lopez PereiroBryan (Bry)

Iago
0Peter KaulbackElizabeth (Liz) ScopesCaroline

Simon

Marcus
0Jane SturgesAlastair MacDonald 
Simon ShuldhamLucinda

Catherine
Timothy Minett 
0William SturgesVirginia FitzGeraldRobin

Tom
§In the London Gazette of 27 Apr 1950, Maj Henry Howard, as he then was, my wife's maternal grandfather, officially changed the family name to Howard-Sneyd, as it remains to this day. This was presumably at the suggestion of Col Ralph Sneyd, prior to his death the previous December, that the family name of Sneyd should thereby be perpetuated. Not only had he no male heir to carry on the name, but there was evidently none in any of the collateral Sneyd lineages either.

This change immediately affected Henry himself, his second wife Jan and their son Tom (plus Tom's future wife and family), of course, but his other offspring, all female, had now acquired married names and were entirely unaffected.

The Rude Forefathers


Howard family armorial

The Howards and Kaulbacks were the very first connections I explored when beginning these family investigations, and it's now (Nov 2013) high time that the Howards in particular were given their due as the most distinguished of all our back-histories.

The family name of Howard has been associated with the Dukedom of Norfolk at least as far back as 1483 when John Howard, son of Margaret Mowbray, became 1st Duke of Norfolk of the 3rd creation (the two earlier creations having successively run out of steam – gluttons for punishment can retrospect to the first creation1,  2 by Edward I, the fons et origo of all three creations). It didn't do Howard personally a whole lot of good, as he was killed a couple of years later at Bosworth. But he provides a dynastic milestone for us to start from.



Dukes of Norfolk coat of arms since
Restoration of Monarchy in 1660



John Howard 1st Duke of Norfolk
(ca 1425 – 22 Aug 1485)

I cannot pretend, as a self-evident plebeian myself, to understand the intricate details of the aristocratic DNA, and the theoretical distinctions between the Dukes of Norfolk, the Earls of Arundel, the Howards of Glossop, and (for example) the Howard-Molyneux-Howards, but I'm reminded of that famous four-liner about the Boston Brahmins which ends

... Where the Lowells talk only to Cabots,
And the Cabots talk only to God.

But oddly enough, I did have some early encounters with one or two of these iconic monikers – as a small boy in Stalybridge, and just a little while later in Chichester, and I will touch on those later.



Thos. Howard 21st Earl of Arundel
(5 Jul 1585 – 4 Oct 1646)

Working backwards from Henry Ralph Mowbray Howard, my wife's maternal grandfather, we will start to connect with the rest of this ancient lineage. Please note that by working in this upward direction there will be only one entry per generation. I shall refer to this family strand as the HRMH line. I'm almost entirely indebted to the remarkable website www.thepeerage.com for the details of each entry. We stop at the shrewd and cultivated-looking Thomas Howard (1585 – 1646), aka Lord Maltravers, 21st Earl of Arundel, Earl of Surrey, Earl Marshal of England

The reason why we stop our ascent here is that it was at this point that the manor of Glossop first appeared on the long scroll of family possessions, and indeed from his grandson Col Bernard Howard (1641 – 1717) onwards this branch of the family have been known as the Glossop Howards.

In fact we shall see that the HRMH line diverged from the Glossop Howards just two generations later, starting with Lord Henry Thomas Howard-Molyneux-Howard. Though still immensely prestigious, and impeccably patrician, it was no longer part of the nobility, strictly speaking.

#IndividualSpouse / PartnerFamily
‑10Thomas Howard
(7 Jul 1585 – 4 Oct 1646)
Lord Maltravers,
21st Earl of Arundel,
Earl of Surrey,
Earl Marshal.
Alathea Talbot
(1585 – 3 Jun 1654)
(m Sep 1606)

Sole heir of 7th Earl of Shrewsbury and Lord of the Manor of Glossop
James Howard
Baron Maltravers
(17 Jul 1607 – Jul 1624)

Henry Frederick Howard
22nd Earl of Arundel
(15 Aug 1608 – 17 Apr 1652)

Anne Howard
(1612 – 1658)

[RC Blessed] William Howard
1st Viscount Stafford, FRS
(30 Nov 1614 – 29 Dec 1680)
‑9Henry Frederick Howard
22nd Earl of Arundel,
Earl of Surrey, etc etc
(15 Aug 1608 – 17 Apr 1652)
Lady Elizabeth Stuart
(m 7 Mar 1626)
(~1610 – 23 Jan 1673)

Cousin of James I of England & VI of Scotland
Thomas Howard
23rd Earl of Arundel
5th Duke of Norfolk
(9 Mar 1627 – 13 Dec 1677)

Restored after accession of Charles II 1660

Henry Howard
6th Duke of Norfolk
(12 Jul 1628 – 11 Jan 1684)

Cardinal Philip Howard
(21 Sep 1629 – 17 Jun 1694)

Charles Howard
(1630 – 31 Mar 1713)

Edward Howard
(1637 – 1691)

Bernard Howard
(16 Oct 1641 – 21 Oct 1717)

Plus, would you believe, in alphabetical order

Catherine Howard

Elizabeth Howard

Esme Howard

Francis Howard

Talbot Howard
‑8Col Bernard Howard
(16 Oct 1641 – 21 Oct 1717)
Catherine Tattersall
(m 16 Jun 1672)
Col Bernard Howard [Jr]
(14 Mar 1674 – 22 Apr 1735)
‑7Col Bernard Howard
(14 Mar 1674 – 22 Apr 1735)
(Hon.) Anne Roper
(m 24 Jun 1710)
(d 1744)
Henry Howard
(9 Apr 1713 – 11 Nov 1787)

Only child of the marriage
‑6Henry Howard
(9 Apr 1713 – 11 Nov 1787)
Julia Molyneux
(m 30 Oct 1764)

Daughter of Sir Wm Molyneux, 6th Baronet
Bernard Edward Howard
12th Duke of Norfolk
(21 Nov 1765 – 16 Mar 1842)

Lord Henry Thomas Howard-Molyneux-Howard
(7 Oct 1766 – 17 Jun 1824)

Mary Bridget Howard
(29 Sep 1767 – 30 May 1843)

Juliana Barbara Howard
(25 Jun 1769 – 16 Apr 1833)

Edward Charles Howard
(28 May 1774 – 27 Sep 1816)
‑5Lord Henry Thomas Howard-Molyneux-Howard
(7 Oct 1766 – 17 Jun 1824)

Born plain Howard

> Molyneux-Howard, 1812, on inheriting estates of Sir Francis Molyneux, 7th & last Bt

> Howard-Molyneux-Howard, 4 Oct 1817

> Courtesy title Lord Howard-Molyneux-Howard, 5 Oct 1817
Elizabeth Long
(1769 – 24 May 1835)
(m 12 Sep 1801)
Juliana Barbara Howard-Molyneux-Howard
(d 27 Dec 1833)

Isabella Catherine Howard
(d 20 Jun 1891)

Henry Howard MP
(25 Jul 1802 – 7 Jan 1875)

Henrietta Anne Howard
(17 Jul 1804 – 26 May 1876)

Charlotte Juliana Jane Howard-Molyneux-Howard
(ca 1809 – 15 Dec 1855)
‑4Henry Howard
(25 Jul 1802 – 7 Jan 1875)

Greystoke Castle
Charlotte Caroline Georgina Long
(23 Apr 1823 – 24 Jul 1896)
(m 6 Dec 1849)
Henry Charles Howard
(17 Sep 1850 – 4 Aug 1914)

Sir Edward Stafford Howard
(28 Nov 1851 – 8 Apr 1916)

Robert Mowbray Howard MP
(23 May 1854 – 2 Oct 1928)

Elizabeth Catherine Howard
(29 Mar 1856 – 1 Feb 1929)

Maud Isabel Howard
(26 May 1858 – 12 Nov 1929)

Esme William Howard
1st Baron Howard of Penrith
(15 Sep 1863 – 1 Aug 1939)
‑3Robert Mowbray Howard MP
(23 May 1854 – 2 Oct 1928)
Louisa Georgina Sneyd
(m 6 Oct 1881)
(d 30 Jun 1910)
Muriel Isabel Catherine Howard
(28 Jun 1882 – 19 Nov 1959)

Maj. Henry Ralph Mowbray Howard
(18 Jun 1883 – 12 Aug 1950)

Died on a visit to Ardnagashel

Lt. Lyulph Walter Mowbray Howard (KIA)
(21 Nov 1885 – 15 Sep 1915)
Audrey Cecilia Campbell
(m 12 Sep 1912)
(d 28 Jan 1926)
sp
Louisa Felicia Welby
(m 28 Apr 1927)
(d 13 Oct 1956)
sp

This may be a good point at which to mention that Bill Kaulback (The Kaulbacks, 1979) has provided a stirring account of the Howard line from John Howard down to the marriage of Henry Frederick Howard to Lady Elizabeth Stuart in 1626.

We can get an excellent perspective of the blue-blooded Howards by clicking on an extraordinarily useful family tree produced by the Glossop Heritage Trust, their patron being Edward William Fitzalan Howard, 18th Duke. Note that the HRMH line diverges from the Glossop Howards at the 12th Duke, and also that his son the 13th Duke (known as Old Pepper and Potatoes) obtained a Royal Licence in 1842 for the family name to become Fitzalan-Howard (which didn't affect the HRMH line, of course) from the next generation onwards. The Fitzalan-Howards are outside my remit here – having no obvious propinquity with the HRMH line, it would be supererogatory and indeed ultracrepidative of me to do more than simply tug my forelock in their general direction.

It's also interesting to observe, from the time of Henry Frederick Howard onwards, how the title of Duke of Norfolk constantly switched from one branch of the Howards to another, always seeking the genetically closest male inheritor. Now that the monarchy has adopted gender-neutral inheritance, one wonders when the aristocracy will follow suit.

The Dukes of Norfolk are the premier Peers of the Realm, apart of course from the Royal Dukes, and despite their Roman Catholicism have in their role as Earl Marshals of England been a integral part of state pageantry since the year dot. Their ongoing pre-eminence shouldn't blind us to the other ducal families, some of which have struggled to survive or have expired completely – see here for an entertaining and informative update on their collective health.

The Howards of Glossop

'Lords of the Manor of Glossop' is a phrase which requires a bit of unpacking.

  • What is a manor? You may well ask. Historically it was the basic unit, fief or fee, of feudal tenure, held by a vassal (or feoffee) in return for an oath of loyalty to the aristocratic owner of the rural swathe of which that manor was a part. But nowadays it implies a bucolic estate with a Big House and a tenant cottage or two (as in the BBC TV series To the Manor Born).
  • Technically the Lordship of a Manor is a Barony, though the title doesn't confer peerage status (ie membership of the House of Lords) and it's not used as a mode of address or form of reference. All in all, a pleasant but pointless anachronism without which the world would be a gloomier place – however, a genuine barony was to ensue for Glossop.

I remember Glossop in the early 1950's as a pleasant country town on the edge of the Peak District, but not exactly a major trophy in the land-owning Premier League (though at the age of eight I was more interested in Dan Dare's ongoing contest with The Mekon anyway).

But the fortunes of Glossop seem to have prospered mightily from at least the time of Bernard Howard of Glossop (1765 – 1842), 12th Duke of Norfolk, and his son Henry Howard of Glossop (1791 – 1856), 13th Duke (and son-in-law of the richest man in England) onwards. A review of the family tree might be useful at this point! And there is a very useful history of the Glossop Howards and Glossop Hall right up to the present time, also produced by the Glossop Heritage Trust.

The next incumbent was Edward Howard (1818 – 1883), 1st Baron of Glossop! At last, a tangible status and independent membership of the peerage – and I'm not trying to be patronising: such things were immensely important then and are not unimportant even in these meritocratic times. From my own point of view, his greatest achievement was to rebuild Glossop Hall in 1851, which formed an iconic background to an idyllic period in my childhood (ca 1952 – 1954) during its later incarnation from 1927 as Kingsmoor School, which I attended as a dayboy – including Saturday school as well. What a magnificent building it was – ideally adaptable to the complexities of a busy boarding school – and with the most sumptuous oaken panelling, staircases and massive fireplaces, and that glorious chapel with its great oaken gallery at the rear – perhaps originally intended for the staff to participate discreetly in the family's daily religious observances. The huge kitchens, the extensive outbuildings and the vast terraced lawn at the front, were also just the job for feeding, teaching and exercising the children in spacious and civilised surroundings.

Kingsmoor was closed in 1956 and demolished in 1959 – barely a hundred years after its inception. What vandalism – but hopefully it still exists in some timeless dimension in which it may be revisited in an astral afterlife.

Although Glossop Hall has gone, it's nice to know that the present 18th Duke as 5th Baron of Glossop still takes an active interest in the town of Glossop itself. But it's sad to hear that he has moved out from Arundel Castle for family reasons – as a small boy living in Chichester in 1954-55 my greatest treat was to be taken by my father on a tour of the Castle and in particular its armoury, in which I could linger for an entire afternoon – the photograph below can scarcely do justice to its size and the variety of items on display.